Since 1988, December 1 is designated as World’s AIDS day, but there are still disbeliefs about HIV in every section of the society. Fear, ignorance, and self-esteem are the factors which become a hindrance in the way of awareness. According to the UN report, India has the third-highest number of people living with HIV in the world. The report says 51 percent of deaths in India are related to AIDS. And HIV treatment coverage is only 36 percent in the country, which points serious question marks on the medical facilities of the nation. Reportedly, 38 percent decline in AIDS-related deaths between 2005 and 2013 in the country.
HIV infections also dropped to 2.5 from 10% in India. In the annual report of NACO (National Aids Control Organisation), the number of people living with HIV is around 21 lakh in 2015 compared to 18 lakh in 2007. Undivided Andhra Pradesh and Telangana have the highest number of PLHIV, followed by Maharashtra.
In many parts of the world ignorance and illiteracy is the cause of Increasing number of HIV cases. A very unfortunate myth in some parts of the world is that having sex with a virgin will cure AIDS. Due to which, many young girls have been affected by HIV and have developed AIDS. There is no evidence to support this belief.
Another Myth is that medication can cure AIDS, but in Real medication have cut the death rate from AIDS by about 80 percent.