Bahujan Samaj Party does not have a single Lok Sabha seat at the moment, yet Mayawati is doing a good manoeuver with Congress and Samajwadi Party. Why, on one of their statements, Congress is showing signs of making them a candidate for PM post from the opposition? Whenever they talk about a combination from them, then a usual statement comes that the BSP will do so only after getting ‘honorable’ seats. Political analysts say that number of power and vote bank in the state is the most important. Mayawati has a vote bank and her strength seems to be strong, that’s why her benign power is more than the other parties. Because of this, She has a desire to go to the peak of politics.
After becoming Narendra Modi‘s PM, the opposition parties, who were constantly defeated by BJP, got relief when the Samajwadi Party, win the crucial seats like Gorakhpur and Phulpur, took away from Yogi Adityanath and Keshav Prasad Maurya with Mayawati’s support. The biggest contribution in this was considered by the Bahujan Samaj Party workers. Just hours after winning both the seats, Akhilesh Yadav went to the house of Mayawati. He knew that the BSP voter was standing with his candidates in mind. On seeing the shifting of votes, Akhilesh Yadav extended his hand to Mayawati and both of them confirmed the matter of contesting elections with them.
Bahujan Samaj Party’s chief Mayawati believes that she has the highest right over Dalit votes. BSP leaders also believe that Mayawati is a symbol of political prosperity in this depressed class because of her work. That is why the Dalits go round on one of their voices. But from time to time, it has been raising the question whether only Mayawati has a monopoly on Dalit votes or is there any other person whom Dalits can trust?
People got the answer to this question in Gorakhpur, Phulpur, and Kairana. After this BSP’s political bargaining power increased significantly. Opposition and especially the Congress feel that if they wants to get the vote of Dalits at the national level then Mayawati will have to work continuously. Because apart from Mayawati, other Dalit leaders like Ram Vilas Paswan, Ramdas Athawale, Udit Raj, Ashok Daugh and Savitri Bai Phule now are in BJP’s team. The current Dalit leaders of Congress have no such appeal in their society as Mayawati has.
In Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh assembly elections, Bahujan Samaj Party wanted to fight with the Congress, but the Congress did not do it. BSP leaders say this has caused more damage to the Congress. Even in the states which have not given much attention to Mayawati, her party has been getting the votes of Dalits and they have become one or two MLAs. That’s why now Congress has joined hands with the BSP in Madhya Pradesh polls to improve this mistake. The party feels that its fleet can be crossed by Dalit votes. In Karnataka, Mayawati had reached an agreement with Janata Dal Secular. She has won a legislator and she is a minister.
In Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Bihar, Delhi, Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Karnataka, BJP not only has got votes but has also succeeded in securing a seat in the assembly. The best performance of the BSP outside the UP has been from 1 to 11 MLAs.
Important Factors of Mayawati alliance with Congress
In Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, and Rajasthan
In a state like Delhi where 16.75 percent belongs to Dalit community, the BSP had seized 14.05 per cent of the vote in 2008, while its senior leaders did not work hard like Uttar Pradesh here. Later, the Dalit vote was ever shifted to the Congress and then the Aam Aadmi Party. When the highest percentage of the Dalit population was in Punjab in 1992, got 16.32 percent of the votes with 9 assembly seats. In Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan, BSP holds the position of spoiling the equation. Hence, the BSP is seen as essential for the Congress.
According to the 2011 population census, Scheduled Castes in the country are 16.63 percent of the total population and 8.6 percent are Scheduled Tribes. Over 150 parliamentary seats are considered to be influenced by SC / ST. According to a report from the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, there are 46,859 villages in the country where Dalits have more than 50 percent population. Their population is more than 40 percent in 75,624 villages. 84 seats of the country’s largest panchayat Lok Sabha for SC and 49 seats reserved for ST So everyone’s eye is on the Dalit vote bank. Based on this vote bank, Mayawati has become a CM of UP four times. New Dalit satraps like Chandrasekhar Azad and Jignesh Mawni are also born with this number. But the biggest leader is considered Mayawati. Because her appeal works at the national level.