Gujarat known as the home of Mahatma Gandhi completed 50 years today.Gujarat also referred as the ‘Jewel of Western India’ was known to the ancient Greeks. It was one of the main centres of the Indus Valley Civilization.
Gujarat Day is celebrated on the same day as Maharashtra Day as both the states were divided on the basis of language on the same day.
The state language of Gujarat is Gujarati. It is an Indo-Aryan language evolved from Sanskrit and local Prakrits. About 59 million people speak Gujarati, making it the 26th most-spoken native language in the world.
We might not know that during the British Raj, Gujarati businesses had managed to play a major role to enrich the economy of Karachi and Mumbai. Major agricultural produce of the state includes cotton, groundnuts (peanuts), dates, sugar cane, milk and milk products. Industrial products include cement and petrol.
Gujarat’s major cities include:
Gujrat has 85% village connectivity with all-weather roads. Nearly 100% of Gujarat’s 18,000 villages have been connected to the electrical grid for 24-hour power to households and eight hours of power to farms, through the Jyotigram Yojana. More than 900,000 internet users and all villages are connected with broadband internet. The state registered 12.8% agricultural growth in the last five years against the national average of 2%.
Many of the ministers and politicians have tweeted about this day:
Ahead in Education
The Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board (GSHSEB) are in charge of the schools run by the Government of Gujarat. However, most of the private schools in Gujarat are affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) board. Gujarat has 13 state universities and four agricultural universities.The premier management college, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad ranks the best in India and among the best management universities in the world.
The top-notch institutes for Engineering and Research include IIT Gandhinagar, Institute of Infrastructure Technology research and Management (IITRAM), Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology (DA-IICT) also in Gandhinagar, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology (SVNIT) in Surat, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University (PDPU) in Gandhinagar, Nirma University in Ahmedabad, M.S. University in Vadodara, Marwadi Education Foundation’s Group of Institutions (MEFGI) in Rajkot and Birla Vishwakarma Mahavidyalaya (BVM) in Vallabh Vidyanagar (a suburb in anand district).
Mudra Institute of Communications Ahmedabad(MICA) is one of the most famous institutes for mass communication and is well-renowned across India.
Cuisine of Gujarat
1.Bajri no rotlo: Thick millet flour flatbread usually grilled over coals
2.Makai no rotlo: Thick corn flour flatbread usually grilled over coals.
3.Bhakri: Made with whole wheat flour, thicker than Rotli, crispy.
4.Phulka rotli (Also called rotli or chapati): Made with whole wheat flour, rolled thin.
5.Juvar no rotlo: Thick sorghum flatbread.
6. Puran poli (Also known as vedmi): Whole wheat bread filled with sweet Chickpea daal filling usually made for special occasions.
7. Puri: Made with whole wheat flour, deep fried.
8.Thepla/dhebra: Made with a mixture of flours, pan fried, mildly spiced, usually contains shredded vegetables.
Pooda (sweet): Made with a mixture of flours, pan fried.
9.Rice- In addition to plain rice, Gujarati cuisine also includes rice based dishes such as: Biranj: Steamed rice flavoured with saffron, sugar, and dried fruit.
10. Khatta-mittha bhaat (sour and sweet rice): Rice, boiled with potatoes and spices, yellow in colour and accompanied with lemon peel.
11. Doodhpak: Rice pudding made by boiling rice with milk and sugar, and flavoured with cardamom, raisins, saffron, cashews, pistachios, or almonds. It is typically served as a dessert.
12. Khichdi (rice & a dal): Cooked like porridge accompanied with ghee, yogurt, and pickle.
13. Pulao (rice with vegetables)
14. Khichu: Kneaded rice flour made by heating it with water, salt, green chillies, and cumin.
There are many more famous things in Gujarat to know about. We wish all the people of Gujarat a very Happy Gujarat Day!!