International Anti-Corruption Day has been observed every year, on December 9, after when, on October 31, 2003, the United Nations passage the Convention Against Corruption. However, this convention enters into the force in December 2005. The Convention states that the United Nation is concerned about the seriousness of problems and threats faced due to corruption. For the stability and security of societies, undermining the institutional values of democracy, ethical values, and justice to sustainable development is the rule of law to implicate. According to the United Nations Development Programme (USD), mostly in every developing countries, the funds lost in corruption are estimated at 10 times than the amount of development assistance.
In 2017 the United Nation office on drugs and crime (UNODC) and united nations development programme (UNDP) have developed a joint world campaign, in which the UN focusing the effects of corruption on education, health, democracy, and development. This Global joint campaign has the main focus on corruption as one of the biggest impediments to the achievement of sustainable development goals (SDGs).
Ahead to the reports of United Nation about 1 trillion U.S. dollars is paid in bribes annually while an estimated 2.6 trillion dollars through corruption are stolen every year. Which is equivalent to more than 5 percent of the global GDP.
Some Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) also asked the Federal Government to publish the names of persons found guilty of corruption and publish the amount recovered from them. These organizations made the call to organize the rally by using the quotes “Say No Campaign’’ to mark the International Anti-corruption Day.
We can see the turning to blind eye of authorities and the public, in many countries where corrupt behavior was disclosed, but many countries around the world, from South Africa to Romania, demand good governance.