Satyajt Ray, the man who was known for his classic movies like Pather panchali, Apur Sansar and many more was born today. Ray was an Indian Bengali filmmaker, widely regarded as one of the greatest filmmakers of the 20th century.Ray was born in the city of Calcutta into a Bengali family prominent in the world of arts and literature. Starting his career as a commercial artist, Ray was drawn into independent film making after meeting French filmmaker Jean Renoir and viewing Vittorio De Sica’s Italian neorealist film Bicycle Thieves (1948) during a visit to London.


Satyajit Ray is known for directing 36 films,including feature films, documentaries and shorts. He was also a fiction writer, publisher, illustrator, calligrapher, music composer, graphic designer and film critic. He authored several short stories and novels, primarily aimed at children and adolescents. Feluda, the sleuth, and Professor Shonku, the scientist in his science fiction stories, are popular fictional characters created by him. He was awarded an honorary degree by Oxford University.

Ray’s first film, Pather Panchali (1955), won eleven international prizes, including the inaugural Best Human Document award at the 1956 Cannes Film Festival. This film, along with Aparajito (1956), and Apur Sansar (The World of Apu) (1959) form The Apu Trilogy. Ray did the scripting, casting, scoring, and editing, and designed his own credit titles and publicity material. Ray received many major awards in his career, including 32 Indian National Film Awards, a Golden Lion, a Golden Bear, 2 Silver Bears, a number of additional awards at international film festivals and award ceremonies, and an Academy Honorary Award in 1992. The Government of India honored him with the Bharat Ratna, its highest civilian award, in 1992.

Critics say

The famous Bengali actress, Aparna Sen also worked on many of Satyajit Ray’s movies. And on his birthday many of his critics called him apolitical. One of them is Aparna Sen. Many of Ray’s critics have called him indifferent to the plight of the urban poor and criticised him for being apolitical. Ray wasn’t apolitical at all. No man or woman is. It’s just that Ray’s politics was not the politics of political parties that were constantly at each other’s throat,” Aparna Sen said in an interview.

Personal Life

Bijoya Ray was the wife of the Indian filmmaker Satyajit Ray. Their son Sandip Ray is also a film director. Bijoya and Satyajit were first cousins. After a long courtship, they were married in 1949. Bijoya Ray acted and sang playback song in a Bengali movie called Shesh Raksha in 1944 and also acted in the documentary Gaach (The Tree) by Catherine Berge in 1998. She died in Kolkata on 2 June 2015, aged 94, after suffering from acute pneumonia.

Satyajit Ray famous movies

  1. Pather Panchali in 1955
  2. Charulata in 1964
  3. Aparajito in 1956
  4. Apur Sansar (The world of Apu) in 1959
  5. Jalsaghar in 1958
  6. Mahanagar in 1963
  7. Shatranjh Ke Khiladi in 1977

and many more infinite movies. We always remember him for his awesome movies. We wish him a very Happy Birthday!!

About the author

Priyanka sarangi

Journalist by profession, music lover by passion. Love to write and edit content on different topics of entertainment beat. Love to travel but only with my favorite people.